The Next Generation for Helathcare Technology - Trends & Impact

Tag: healthcare technology

Notable Remote Patient Monitoring Technologies in 2017

Timely detection and treatment of diseases is the key to saving millions of lives across the world. Often, chronic illnesses breed inside the human body without giving away noticeable symptoms, only to strike fatally without a warning.

Thankfully, RPM (Remote Patient Monitoring) is making path-breaking technological advancements to address this concern.

While the concept of RPM is not new, recent leaps in various fields of technology such as Internet of Things, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data Analytics, and wearable technology are promising to make RPM more effective.

Listed below are few of the most significant RPM technologies to surface in 2017:

Collection of Patients’ Health Data

Wearable Technology: Wearable products such as the Apple Smartwatch and fitness bands are making remote health monitoring a convenient possibility. Smart, intelligent, and now relatively affordable, these wearable products are equipped to track heart rate, which is very crucial in determining patients’ health. There is a high possibility that in future, these wearables will come equipped with sensors that can track blood pressure, sugar levels, brain activity, etc.

Sensor Implants: Although still debated for the anticipated risks they carry, advanced sensor implants can contribute significantly to the field of RPM. Much more accurate and advanced than their wearable friends, advanced sensor implants will be a path-breaking RPM solution. However, technology experts and innovators need to find ways to make nano sensors that can be powered to last for many years, and are compatible with human tissues.

Storage & Analysis of Patients’ Health Data

Cloud Computing & Artificial Intelligence (AI): Wearables and sensors collect health data for each patient, 24/7! How difficult would it be for the doctors to store and analyse these data points and administer effective medical care?

The answer lies in cloud computing and AI. While cloud helps store heaps of data remotely, AI and Big Data analytics not only analyse these large data files, but can also highlight health issues – enabling doctors to make informed decisions.

Administering Medical Care

Drug delivery sensors: Sensor implants, in the future, can be preloaded with drugs that can be delivered to target area(s) in the body by a doctor sitting in a remote location. Alternatively, using IoT, all sensors can communicate, take a decision using AI (on the parameters fed by doctors), and administer the drug automatically.

The Next Generation Internet: The internet of tomorrow, 5-G, will play a stellar role in making everything discussed above possible. Fast and seamless internet connectivity will make the real contribution in monitoring, storing, analysing patients’ health, and administrating medical care in the year 2017.

These emerging RPM technologies can be conveniently adopted as they address all aspects of patient care; collection, storage, and analysis of data, machine learning solutions to highlight health issues, and solutions to remotely dispense medical administration. The new year is set to bring tangible advancement in RPM and health care in general; the challenge now is to make these new technologies affordable and sustainable. Well, Smartphones, powered by health monitoring sensors and data storage and analysis apps, may hold the key to this puzzle.

Impact of Implantable Wireless Cardiac Monitor in the Healthcare Industry

Implantable Wireless Cardiac Monitors are the latest advent in cardiac healthcare industry allowing doctors to continuously monitor irregular heartbeat of patients remotely. Being an internally implantable device, there is nothing visible on the outside, allowing patients with spells of unexplained fainting and dizziness lead a much better quality of life. External cardiac monitors are cumbersome, cannot be worn for long periods of time and may miss to record events of syncope and other cardiac irregularities. Implantable cardiac monitors, on the other hand, can be used for up to 3 years to record irregularities automatically.

A Step Ahead, Technically

Few millimeters in size and equipped with long lasting AAA battery, a wireless cardiac device is inserted under the skin and is invisible externally. The new age cardiac monitors have inbuilt algorithms that allow tracking of arrhythmic events without any intervention required on part of the patient. In case of physical symptoms, patient can activate the monitor with an external switch leading to recording of ECG data for several minutes. An inbuilt memory loop means the monitoring will start automatically next time it tracks a similar pattern. Thus, the ICM can be used even during debilitating events without patient intervention, a potentially lifesaving advancement.

Moving over Holter Technology – 24/7 monitoring

Thanks to new age Implantable Cardiac Monitors (ICM), doctors now have access to patient ECG data 24/7.

Holter technology utilized externally attached electrodes sending electric signals from the heart that were transferred to a device logging information. ICM, on the other hand, is inserted inside the skin and does not require patients to activate it. The recorded data is continuously read by a monitor connected to a phone line which sends the information to a website where physicians can access the information remotely. This means patients are monitored continuously, 24/7 anywhere across the world.

The technology empowers doctors to receive information directly from patients’ bedrooms and monitor them from miles away. It has helped doctors understand cases of previously unexplained fainting and detecting heart rhythm irregularities. With ICM, doctors can actually see heart events as they happen, instead of predicting or guessing.

Costs

ICM technology may seem more expensive at the outset, however, the one time cost of inserting a much more advanced ICM turns out to be lesser than frequently spending on Holter. ICM is especially considered to be much more beneficial and cost effective in cases of unexplained fainting and irregularities.

ICM, though a relatively new technology, has revolutionized cardiac healthcare by allowing doctors to remotely observe patients 24/7. It also helps patients lead a better life by dispensing the need of external monitoring devices that are uncomfortable and cumbersome in the long run. Now a small invisible chip allows continuous monitoring for patients without interfering with their lifestyle.

Top 5 Benefits of Outsourcing Sleep Study Scoring

Today’s business models are heavily dependent on outsourcing considering the cost efficiency and efficacy it brings to a process. Even in the healthcare industry, several functions are increasingly being outsourced to reduce the burden on under staffed hospitals to improve efficiency and patient outcomes.

Sleep study is one such area where outsourcing sleep study scoring can have several benefits for both the patients and sleep labs including timely reporting, high quality and reduced workload. The process involves transferring patient data online in a HIPAA compliant fashion duly protecting patients’ privacy, scoring by sleep specialists hired by the offshore service provider and returning results to the sleep lab in a pre-established timeframe. Most sleep scoring companies only hire sleep scorers with prior experience, as quality assurance is a big differentiating factor for these companies.

Leveraging technology to improve patient outcomes is the only way forward for the healthcare industry. Here are top 5 benefits of outsourcing sleep study scoring:

Overcoming staff shortages – Sleep labs across the country are over burdened and understaffed, thanks to a shortage of trained staff and increasing awareness of sleep disorders amongst the population combined with an aging populace. Outsourcing sleep scoring can free up more staff for better patient care. By reducing the workload, it can be an effective measure against staffing issues by allowing employees to take time off and avoid extra shifts preventing employee burn out and improving performance as well as freeing up time for patient follow up.

Faster results – Outsourcing sleep scoring ensures faster turnaround time pivotal to patient health, as undue delays only prolong the treatment. Sleep scoring facilities have dedicated professionals only engaged in analyzing the transferred data resulting in faster assessments meeting strict quality criterion.

Cutting down operational costs – Outsourcing sleep scoring can cut down operational costs by alleviating staff shortages and reducing costs of training employees for sleep scoring. It also increases profitability by reducing overheads in terms of payouts and managing human resource. Outsourcing sleep scoring is also much more cost effective, as off-site service providers usually provide expert services at more affordable rates.

Clearing backlogs quickly – Sleep scoring facilities provide the convenience of high turn around time without compromising on quality. Outsourcing sleep scoring to a third party can help clear backlog quickly with most service providers delivering results in 24-48 hours. This helps physicians to timely diagnose patients resulting in improved care.

Improved patient outcomes – Outsourcing sleep scoring can lead to better patient outcomes in terms of improved care and patient satisfaction due to faster turn around time and freeing up time for sleep specialists at the lab to provide personalized support and follow up with patients.

With more than 80 different kinds of sleep disorders identified, the demand for sleep study is on the rise. As more and more people recognize the importance of a good night’s sleep, sleep labs will have to evolve to accommodate more patients in cost effective manner without compromising on quality and delivering timely results. Sleep scoring outsourcing can be an effective way to achieve these outcomes.

How Wearable Technology is Transforming Healthcare?

 

Wearable technology is proving to be one of the biggest drivers in enhancing clinic/patient engagement processes and improving the clinical outcomes of persons afflicted with chronic illnesses. The rise of the IOT has been particularly significant in driving the development of connected and wearable devices that have made it possible to leverage the power of technology in digital health. Wearable tech makes it possible to integrate the management of clinical information management systems, allow remote patient monitoring, and improve access to critical data.

Through wearable tech, it is now possible to monitor and capture patient vital signs remotely enhancing the effectiveness of care delivery to patients, as they do not necessarily have to come in for checkups. Besides, wearable devices make it possible for the doctor to detect asymptomatic disease events early thus avoiding catastrophic outcomes. Through devices such as mobile apps, patients can send their clinical data wireless to their physicians making early detection and diagnosis possible at lower costs that conventional lab tests. Wearable tech makes remote management of chronic diseases including analysis of the effectiveness of treatments possible. Bioelectronics worn by the patient makes it possible for the doctor to collect data and customize, maintain, and configure treatments in ambulatory and ongoing care settings. Lastly, physicians now have access to more data than ever before through integrated clinical information portals that present patient data in one place. Through access to cloud systems, the costs of running systems are reduced through efficient streamlining of data and care settings.

The enhanced access to data and information through wearable technology not only enhances the quality of healthcare outcomes for patients but also, reduces the costs in time and money spent on health care.

Wearable technology

 

Embed this Infographic on your site:


THINGS TO CONSIDER TO LAND YOUR DREAM JOB IN HEALTHCARE

The idea of a dream job may differ for individuals, but in the main, your dream job must be satisfying and create a fulfilling career for you. When you are part of the healthcare sector, it may seem difficult to land your dream job but keeping the following checklist in your mind can help increase the chances of landing that ‘perfect’ job:

Get Some Experience:

When you are pursuing a course in healthcare, you would take up many internships during the course to build up on your experience. While these internships definitely look pretty on your resume, this is also the time to learn practical skills you need on the job.

Ensure that you gain as much experience as possible during your course. World Health Organization, Mayo Clinic and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services can offer invaluable internship experience. However, if you cannot land up something there, volunteer with a local hospital and don’t be shy of working for free to build your repertoire.

Expand your Job Search Horizon:

Even if you hold a specialized degree in specific discipline of healthcare, do not feel tied down to only one kind of job. Even for specialists, many job opportunities are available that need to be explored. Apart from applying in hospitals, you can consider applying for research jobs or even as a teaching assistant in a medical university.

Sign up as a Volunteer:

Signing up as a volunteer with the many non profit organizations can help you build experience that will come in handy while you search for your dream job. Most large non-profit healthcare organizations are willing to take up volunteers and train them in healthcare services.

Some of the organizations you could contact are the American Red Cross, World Health Organization, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Peace Corps and many more that you can find with a simple online search.

Create a Perfect Resume:

While landing your dream job in the healthcare industry can be an arduous task, having an impactful resume can make the process much easier. The purpose of a resume is to ensure that the recruiters call you for an interview, which is almost always the toughest part to crack when applying for any job. Sit down and spend some time examining your resume – Does it highlight your experience and expertise properly? Will the recruiter be impressed with only as much as a glance? Are there any typos or is the resume too long?

Remember, most recruiters only give few seconds to a resume and thus you need to make an impact with as few words as possible. Hiring a professional to help build your resume is a good option that can significantly boost your job search.

Healthcare is a dynamically growing industry and demands more and more skilled individuals to hop on-board. As a healthcare professional, countless opportunities await you, all you need to do is find your calling and follow our handy tips to land your dream job.

How To Provide A Quality Healthcare Management Services for Clients?

Quality management in healthcare is aimed at improving effectiveness of treatments and increasing the satisfaction level of clients with the medical services provided. Management of quality is focused on patients, as it is the patients’ satisfaction that is the ultimate judge of the level of healthcare services.

A healthcare system includes not only hospitals, but other components such as pharmacies and health clinics as well. A robust management of all these systems is required to ensure effectiveness of treatment and satisfaction for clients. Below are some elements crucial to providing quality healthcare management to clients.

Improving Quality of Care:

Improving quality of care and reducing costs is a key feature of the Affordable Care Act. In 2015, a new provision provides that physicians will be paid according to the quality of care they provide and not the volume they treat.

The WHO (World Health Organization) stresses on strict standards for management of quality of care. Quality of care in layman terms refers to providing the right healthcare service at the right time in the right manner. WHO defines it as a process for making strategic choices in health systems and further provides that improving quality of healthcare involves making improvements in six areas of healthcare:

  1. Delivering effective and tested treatments.
  2. Manner of delivery focused on optimal resource utilization.
  3. Right healthcare at the right time by professionals with requisite expertise.
  4. Treatment in line with patients’ preferences and local customs.
  5. Equitable healthcare irrespective of gender, location, race or status.
  6. Safe treatments minimizing risk to users.

Administrative Cost Reduction:

Administrative costs in the US account for up to 25% of healthcare costs, and a large percentage is wasteful expenditure according to several reports and studies.

Automation can help reduce administrative costs. Taking health plans online by explaining key benefits to members online, providing online enrollment and moving documents online can reduce costs by cutting down on labor intensive tasks. Electronic health records not only reduce paperwork and cut down administrative costs, but also reduce medical errors leading to quality healthcare for clients.

Professional Medical and Healthcare Teams:

Having professional medical and healthcare teams is central to quality healthcare management – healthcare teams comprise of allied healthcare professionals including pharmacists, physicians, dentists, nurses and other medical practitioners. Several areas report shortage of trained human resources to meet the health needs of growing population. Legislative measures to increase the number of healthcare professionals, especially in areas of shortage can help meet the goal of timely healthcare administered by professionals of right specialization. Telemedicine can be used to provide care in remote areas.

Telemedicine Adoption:

Telemedicine can be defined as exchange of medical information from one place to another using electronic media to improve a patient’s health condition. Use of live interactive videos for primary consultations, storing and forwarding diagnostic reports online and remote cardiac patient monitoring are all made possible by adoption of telemedicine. It provides several advantages by improving accessibility, reducing distance, reducing costs and offers better quality consultations especially in mental care and ICU telemedicine; thereby providing quality healthcare for patients giving them access to premier healthcare without traveling long distances.

Reducing Denial of Services:

While healthcare maybe considered a basic right, there have been many instances of denied healthcare due to lapses in medical insurance. In 2014, Affordable Care Act prohibited insurance companies from refusing to sell or renew policies based on an individual’s pre-existing conditions or gender. Strong implementation of this provision would reduce occurrences of denied medical services to patients, raising the quality of care nationwide.

Big Data: A Big Step Forward in Healthcare

We’ve been living in a digitized society for over a decade now. Everything we do is read, filtered and stored for posterity. Healthcare like every other industry has experienced this progress—whether pharmaceutical companies, hospitals, diagnostic centers or care homes, digitized medical records have been collected and stored in electronic databases over the years and have now been made easier to find, use and action as needed for the entire healthcare community.

Organizations now have insight into promising information/knowledge that was earlier not available to them. This existing big data can help find new treatment methods for specific conditions; solve the mystery of possible side effects, suddenly occurring symptoms, re-admissions, irritations, etc. The benefits as we know are plenty: improved patient care, reduced wait times, increased diagnostic speed, and higher patient satisfaction. The recent advent of new technologies has further improved the industry’s ability to work with this diverse, complex data.

Several innovative companies (both new and existing) are busy designing progressive applications and tools that will help healthcare stakeholders identify opportunities, ease concerns, and receive/give all-round care. According to a report published by McKinsey & Company, over 200 businesses created since 2010 are developing a diverse set of innovative tools to make better use of available healthcare information. This is just the beginning, as more and more innovative ideas get created and actioned, we can anticipate the birth of newer technologies that will reduce increasing healthcare costs, intensify security and protect patient privacy, complying with all Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) patient-confidentiality standards.

Governments globally are working towards making healthcare data (i.e., public data on patients, clinical trials, health insurance, medical advances, etc.) more transparent and accessible. For example: The 2009 American Open Government Directive along with the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) under the Health Data Initiative (HDI), are starting to liberate data from agencies like the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) [Source: McKinsey & Company].

This new knowledge is creating a whole new mind-set. Patients, who once just followed Doctor’s orders, now take on a more intimate role in their treatment and decision-making. They have access to highly qualified professionals from across the world and can make lifestyle choices that can help them nullify their condition and/or prevent any further occurrences. Doctors can make real-time, evidence-based diagnosis, enabling quicker action and recovery.

Then there is predictive/prescriptive analytics and Genomics, where big data plays a very radical role. For example: When a patient comes to The ER with chest pain, the doctor’s often find it difficult to decide whether the patient needs to be admitted or can be sent home safely. With predictive algorithms, the patient’s saved history will aid the doctor’s judgment.

Here’s another example: It is likely that a patient’s medical records saved overtime, could on an ordinary visit to the hospital enable the doctor to spot a gene marker indicating Alzheimer’s. At one time, gene sequencing was an art known to a few experts, but with big data it would become as common as a regular blood test. This can help the doctor prescribe the right exercise, nutrition, medication, etc. in advance helping delay the symptoms or completely cure the disease.

Big Data is the future of healthcare. It will revolutionize medicine and increase life expectancy. Healthcare organizations that are open to new ideas; willing to ramp up their capabilities and treat innovation as the foundation of their brand, will be the ones progressing towards a better tomorrow, both for the caregivers as well as the patients.

MOBILE HEALTH TECHNOLOGY: AIDING BETTER DECISION MAKING

Today, comfort is the foremost concern and the key feature of care for all healthcare providers. Whether physical distress or emotional anxiety, different patients have different needs and caregivers must consider all factors before they make a decision.

Taking a medical decision can be overwhelming. Even, if it is a collaborative process where patient and physician make the decision together, the problems are often complex. The intensity is higher when the illness in question is life threatening. Also, the information available is either the patient’s side of the story or the result of multiple tests/examinations conducted. There is always a chance that the decision is incorrect.

According to a survey by PWC, one-third of the physicians said that they make decisions based on incomplete information for over 70% of their patients. They feel that patient compliance and assessing the limited information provided to them is the biggest obstacle in providing efficient care. According to an analysis by Health Research Institute, only half the physicians surveyed said that they access electronic medical records (EMRs) while visiting and treating patients. In fact, 88% of the physicians have indicated that they would like patients to be able to monitor their own health and vital statistics.

With the advent of sophisticated mobile health solutions, things in the medical world are changing for the better. Physicians and consumers alike are taking to characteristics such as convenience, cost-effectiveness, data accuracy, new ways to manage care and better health outcomes that these applications offer.

On the flip side, there is the fear of too much information. Considering that most of these apps record minute-to-minute movement of the patient, the data that is being collected is enormous. While taking a medical decision, the physician wants to see only the important aspects in the data, not every minute detail recorded. In fact, too much information can slow down the decision-making process, as there is that much more data to sort through before arriving at a diagnosis. This is where services provided by companies like Techindia come into play; they not only monitor and collect the data, but also analyze and sort through it in a short span of time making the physician’s work easier.

Physicians have already begun to adopt this new advancement. According to the PWC report, physicians believe that they can reduce office visits by upto 30%. 56% said these devices accelerate their decision-making process and 40% said that it decreases administrative time. Among the consumers, 20% use these devices to monitor fitness, 18% are very specific that they want their doctors to consistently monitor their health, while 40% are willing to pay a monthly fee for the service. Majority of the consumers have indicated satisfaction post the use of mobile health devices, clearly signifying that these gadgets offer valuable benefits to both patients and physicians.

Mobile health solutions are becoming increasingly sophisticated. It is imperative for caregivers to adopt these technologies to provide effective care and stay ahead of competition.

AN OUTLOOK ON ELECTRONIC ICU MONITORING SERVICES

Telemedicine can make it possible for a group of doctors and nurses to monitor several rooms of patients from a single location. Electronic ICU monitoring applies this remote telemedicine technology enabling monitoring of many critical patients from a single room.

eICU – A Remote Care Strategy:

As the number of intensivists lags behind the critical care needs of an aging population, tele ICU makes it possible for intensivists in one location to monitor ICU patients in remote locations through audio video connections. The intensivists in the centre can receive patient information such as psychological data, medical records and treatment information, and communicate with doctors in the remote location who can provide care to the patients in the ICU as directed.

The Idea Behind eICUs:

Between 2000 and 2020, the number of people over the age of 65 is going to substantially increase in US, meaning the need for critical health care will also increase. According to statistics, this will far outweigh the number of intensivists in the country leading to poor critical care for patients.

eICU technology can alleviate this problem by enabling 24/7 intensivist care across locations, increasing the quality of care and reducing costs as well. The main idea behind eICU technology is to increase access to critical healthcare. Patients can access critical health care in their local hospitals, as intensivists can take over more areas from a single location; helping patients by not only reducing transportation costs but also reducing the stress of shifting to other critical health centres.

How eICUs Improve ICU Care:

ICU beds account for 30% of the costs in US hospitals and it is widely believe that 24/7 care provided by intensivists in ICUs can bring down the mortality rate significantly. Moving over shortages of trained personnel and cost barriers, eICU technology offers increased accessibility, better resource utilization and reduced costs by leveraging intensivists in one single location to monitor ICUs across geographies.

eICUs also give the advantage of proactive care, as ICU patients need constant monitoring because their condition changes rapidly. Remote monitoring experts have access to sophisticated analytics and they can pro-actively identify changes in the patients’ condition before they turn critical.

Outcomes Made Easy:

While barriers of costs and acceptance remain, early adopters of eICU technology can benefit from improved clinical and cost outcomes. Lower mortality rate, shorter ICU stays and better resource utilization through 24/7 monitoring of patients via intensivist controlled command centres are factors directly contributing to increase quality of care, lesser administrative costs and higher revenues for the hospitals in the longer run.

Conclusion:

With more than 5 million patients admitted to ICUs in US every year, hospital costs are high not only in terms of finances but also in terms of clinical outcomes due to high mortality rates and under-staffing. Several researches have proven superior clinical outcomes from ICUs staffed with dedicated intensivists. eICU technology, currently, provides the most cost effective and technologically advanced intensivist staffing model that can help hospitals improve financial as well as clinical outcomes, while increasing patient satisfaction by providing critical care in local hospitals, much more accessible to patients.

TOP 5 CRITERIA FOR CHOOSING THE BEST MEDICAL BILLING SERVICES

The decision to outsource billing services for your medical practice can have significant impact on your practice as well as revenue by freeing up more time for your patients and saving you the hassle of managing an internal billing department, if you are successful in choosing a professional and experienced billing service.

It can be an uphill task finding the right service provider to manage the revenues for your company. In this post, we’d share the top 5 criteria that can help you make the right choice.

Quality and Level of Services:

The basic services provided by a medical billing company include claim generation and submission, following up with carriers and preparing patient invoices and providing patient support.

Many companies also offer extras that can make your revenue collection system much more efficient.

  • Payment follow-up – Many billing companies follow up with patients who do not pay their bills on time, crucial to optimum revenue collection for your practice.
  • Denied claims – What are the procedures in place for following up on denied claims?
  • Practice Management – Many billing service providers report back on monthly basis on billing issues and provide insights and feedback for improved practice management.

Before selecting a medical billing service, you must agree on the level of services provided by the company for smooth functioning.

Use of Latest Technology

Latest medical billing software offer many advantages, provided trained staff is available to utilize the technology.

  1. What are the procedures in place for data backup, data recovery, patient information sharing and handling and security of data?
  2. Is the technology HIPAA compliant?
  3. How are the superbills and claims shared?
  4. Is the billing service in line with your company’s Electronic Health Record (EHS) system?
  5. Does the service provider have an integrated EHR system?

Quality of Billing Staff

Apart from the number of years the billing company has under its belt, the experience and expertise of the staff is also important.

The staff must be aware of your specialty-specific codes and procedures employed by your company as well as the carriers. Staff experienced with Medicaid or Medicare would definitely increase operational efficiency.

It is also worthwhile to check for AMBA (American Billing Medical Association) certification that tests the staff for knowledge on coding, medical terminology, HIPAA compliance and carriers.

Consider Pricing Options

Various price models are available and the choice ultimately depends on the size of your practice, average claim size and volume and the service package provided by the billing company.

  • Percentage model – In this model, the billing company will charge a percentage of the total collections. It is one of the most popular models as it provides incentive to the billing company on the basis of the revenue collected.
  • Fixed fee model – Here, the billing company will charge a fixed amount for each claim submitted by it. This can turn out to be a lesser expensive model, but isn’t very popular with service providers due to lack of incentives.
  • Partly fixed model – It is possible to have a flat fee model for certain carriers and percentage basis for others. The method is not very common, but can prove to be more cost effective than a purely percentage based model.

Check out the Company is Certified

The billing company must be HIPAA (Health Insurance Accountability and Portability Act) compliant and protect the patient’s personal information in alignment with your company standards.

The staff must also be AMBA certified. To maintain AMBA certification, 15 continuing education credits are required each year.